Modifying how the driver behaves

Manipulate the behavior of a memcached_st structure.

SYNOPSIS

#include <libmemcached/memcached.h>

memcached_behavior_t
uint64_t memcached_behavior_get(memcached_st *ptr, memcached_behavior_t flag)
memcached_return_t memcached_behavior_set(memcached_st *ptr, memcached_behavior_t flag, uint64_t data)

Compile and link with -lmemcached

DESCRIPTION

libmemcached(3) behavior can be modified by using memcached_behavior_set(). Default behavior is the library strives to be quick and accurate. Some behavior, while being faster, can also result in not entirely accurate behavior (for instance, memcached_set() will always respond with MEMCACHED_SUCCESS).

memcached_behavior_get() takes a behavior flag and returns whether or not that behavior is currently enabled in the client.

memcached_behavior_set() changes the value of a particular option of the client. It takes both a flag (listed below) and a value. For simple on or off options you just need to pass in a value of 1. Calls to memcached_behavior_set() will flush and reset all connections.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_USE_UDP

Causes libmemcached(3) to use the UDP transport when communicating with a memcached server. Not all I/O operations are testsed when this behavior is enababled. The following operations will return MEMCACHED_NOT_SUPPORTED when executed with the MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_USE_UDP enabled: memcached_version(), memcached_stat(), memcached_get(), memcached_get_by_key(), memcached_mget(), memcached_mget_by_key(), memcached_fetch(), memcached_fetch_result(), memcached_fetch_execute().

All other operations are testsed but are executed in a ‘fire-and-forget’ mode, in which once the client has executed the operation, no attempt will be made to ensure the operation has been received and acted on by the server.

libmemcached(3) does not allow TCP and UDP servers to be shared within the same libmemached(3) client ‘instance’. An attempt to add a TCP server when this behavior is enabled will result in a MEMCACHED_INVALID_HOST_PROTOCOL, as will attempting to add a UDP server when this behavior has not been enabled.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_NO_BLOCK

Causes libmemcached(3) to use asychronous IO. This is the fastest transport available for storage functions.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SND_TIMEOUT

This sets the microsecond behavior of the socket against the SO_SNDTIMEO flag. In cases where you cannot use non-blocking IO this will allow you to still have timeouts on the sending of data.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_RCV_TIMEOUT

This sets the microsecond behavior of the socket against the SO_RCVTIMEO flag.

In cases where you cannot use non-blocking IO this will allow you to still have timeouts on the reading of data.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_TCP_NODELAY

Turns on the no-delay feature for connecting sockets (may be faster in some environments).

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_HASH

Makes the default hashing algorithm for keys use MD5. The value can be set to either MEMCACHED_HASH_DEFAULT, MEMCACHED_HASH_MD5, MEMCACHED_HASH_CRC, MEMCACHED_HASH_FNV1_64, MEMCACHED_HASH_FNV1A_64, MEMCACHED_HASH_FNV1_32, MEMCACHED_HASH_FNV1A_32, MEMCACHED_HASH_JENKINS, MEMCACHED_HASH_HSIEH, and MEMCACHED_HASH_MURMUR.

Each hash has it’s advantages and it’s weaknesses. If you don’t know or don’t care, just go with the default.

Support for MEMCACHED_HASH_HSIEH is a compile time option that is disabled by default. To enable tests for this hashing algorithm, configure and build libmemcached with the –enable-hash_hsieh.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_DISTRIBUTION

Using this you can enable different means of distributing values to servers.

The default method is MEMCACHED_DISTRIBUTION_MODULA. You can enable consistent hashing by setting MEMCACHED_DISTRIBUTION_CONSISTENT. Consistent hashing delivers better distribution and allows servers to be added to the cluster with minimal cache losses. Currently MEMCACHED_DISTRIBUTION_CONSISTENT is an alias for the value MEMCACHED_DISTRIBUTION_CONSISTENT_KETAMA.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_CACHE_LOOKUPS

Deprecated since version 0.46(?): DNS lookups are now always cached until an error occurs with the server.

Memcached can cache named lookups so that DNS lookups are made only once.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SUPPORT_CAS

Support CAS operations (this is not enabled by default at this point in the server since it imposes a slight performance penalty).

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_KETAMA

Sets the default distribution to MEMCACHED_DISTRIBUTION_CONSISTENT_KETAMA and the hash to MEMCACHED_HASH_MD5.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_KETAMA_WEIGHTED

Sets the default distribution to MEMCACHED_DISTRIBUTION_CONSISTENT_KETAMA with the weighted tests. and the hash to MEMCACHED_HASH_MD5.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_KETAMA_HASH

Sets the hashing algorithm for host mapping on continuum. The value can be set to either MEMCACHED_HASH_DEFAULT, MEMCACHED_HASH_MD5, MEMCACHED_HASH_CRC, MEMCACHED_HASH_FNV1_64, MEMCACHED_HASH_FNV1A_64, MEMCACHED_HASH_FNV1_32, and MEMCACHED_HASH_FNV1A_32.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_KETAMA_COMPAT

Sets the compatibility mode. The value can be set to either MEMCACHED_KETAMA_COMPAT_LIBMEMCACHED (this is the default) or MEMCACHED_KETAMA_COMPAT_SPY to be compatible with the SPY Memcached client for Java.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_POLL_TIMEOUT

Modify the timeout value that is used by poll. The default value is -1. An signed int must be passed to memcached_behavior_set to change this value (this requires casting). For memcached_behavior_get a signed int value will be cast and returned as the unsigned long long.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_USER_DATA

Deprecated since version <: 0.30

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_BUFFER_REQUESTS

Enabling buffered IO causes commands to “buffer” instead of being sent. Any action that gets data causes this buffer to be be sent to the remote connection. Quiting the connection or closing down the connection will also cause the buffered data to be pushed to the remote connection.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_VERIFY_KEY

Enabling this will cause libmemcached(3) to test all keys to verify that they are valid keys.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SORT_HOSTS

Enabling this will cause hosts that are added to be placed in the host list in sorted order. This will defeat consisten hashing.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_CONNECT_TIMEOUT

In non-blocking mode this changes the value of the timeout during socket connection in milliseconds. Specifying -1 means an infinite time‐out.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_BINARY_PROTOCOL

Enable the use of the binary protocol. Please note that you cannot toggle this flag on an open connection.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SERVER_FAILURE_LIMIT

Set this value to enable the server be removed after continuous MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SERVER_FAILURE_LIMIT times connection failure.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_IO_MSG_WATERMARK

Set this value to tune the number of messages that may be sent before libmemcached should start to automatically drain the input queue. Setting this value to high, may cause libmemcached to deadlock (trying to send data, but the send will block because the input buffer in the kernel is full).

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_IO_BYTES_WATERMARK

Set this value to tune the number of bytes that may be sent before libmemcached should start to automatically drain the input queue (need at least 10 IO requests sent without reading the input buffer). Setting this value to high, may cause libmemcached to deadlock (trying to send data, but the send will block because the input buffer in the kernel is full).

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_IO_KEY_PREFETCH

The binary protocol works a bit different than the textual protocol in that a multiget is implemented as a pipe of single get-operations which are sent to the server in a chunk. If you are using large multigets from your application, you may improve the latency of the gets by setting this value so you send out the first chunk of requests when you hit the specified limit. It allows the servers to start processing the requests to send the data back while the rest of the requests are created and sent to the server.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_NOREPLY

Set this value to specify that you really don’t care about the result from your storage commands (set, add, replace, append, prepend).

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_NUMBER_OF_REPLICAS

If you just want “a poor mans HA”, you may specify the numbers of replicas libmemcached should store of each item (on different servers). This replication does not dedicate certain memcached servers to store the replicas in, but instead it will store the replicas together with all of the other objects (on the ‘n’ next servers specified in your server list).

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_RANDOMIZE_REPLICA_READ

Allows randomizing the replica reads starting point. Normally the read is done from primary server and in case of miss the read is done from primary + 1, then primary + 2 all the way to ‘n’ replicas. If this option is set on the starting point of the replica reads is randomized between the servers. This allows distributing read load to multiple servers with the expense of more write traffic.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_CORK

This open has been deprecated with the behavior now built and used appropriately on selected platforms.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_KEEPALIVE

Enable TCP_KEEPALIVE behavior.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_KEEPALIVE_IDLE

Specify time, in seconds, to mark a connection as idle. This is only available as an option Linux.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SOCKET_SEND_SIZE

Find the current size of SO_SNDBUF. A value of 0 means either an error occured or no hosts were available. It is safe to assume system default if this occurs. If an error occurs you can checked the last cached errno statement to find the specific error.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SOCKET_RECV_SIZE

Find the current size of SO_RCVBUF. A value of 0 means either an error occured or no hosts were available. It is safe to assume system default if this occurs. If an error occurs you can checked the last cached errno statement to find the specific error.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SERVER_FAILURE_LIMIT

Deprecated since version 0.48: See MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_REMOVE_FAILED_SERVERS

This number of times a host can have an error before it is disabled.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_AUTO_EJECT_HOSTS

Deprecated since version 0.48: See MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_REMOVE_FAILED_SERVERS

If enabled any hosts which have been flagged as disabled will be removed from the list of servers in the memcached_st structure. This must be used in combination with MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_SERVER_FAILURE_LIMIT.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_REMOVE_FAILED_SERVERS

If enabled any hosts which have been flagged as disabled will be removed from the list of servers in the memcached_st structure.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_RETRY_TIMEOUT

When enabled a host which is problematic will only be checked for usage based on the amount of time set by this behavior. The value is in seconds.

MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_HASH_WITH_PREFIX_KEY

When enabled the prefix key will be added to the key when determining server by hash. See MEMCACHED_CALLBACK_NAMESPACE for additional information.

RETURN

memcached_behavior_get returns either the current value of the get, or 0 or 1 on simple flag behaviors (1 being enabled). memcached_behavior_set returns failure or success.

NOTES

memcached_behavior_set in version .17 was changed from taking a pointer to data value, to taking a uin64_t.

HOME

To find out more information please check: http://libmemcached.org/

SEE ALSO

memcached(1) libmemcached(3) memcached_strerror(3)

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